By the end of the fifteenth century, fly fishing was an established activity in Europe, and during the next two centuries, Britain became the center of the fly-fishing tradition. As British colonies were settled, their fly-fishing traditions spread around the world and soon became a part of the new local culture. Between the fifteenth and nineteenth centuries, fly fishing, whether for sport or sustenance, was enjoyed by both men and women. During this period there were several women whose participation in the sport translated to notable and groundbreaking careers. Some were acknowledged for their contributions during their lifetimes, whereas others were recognized years after death.